Ethnic Syndrome and Political Nationalism in Nigeria

Ethnic Syndrome and Political Nationalism in Nigeria

Ethnic Syndrome and Political Nationalism in Nigeria

Nigeria, the enormous of Africa, can boast of its excellent political nationalists. They’re generally known as “Fredomites”. Most of our kids in faculties are continuously reminded of their heroic deeds. However their evil deeds are sometimes uncared for. The truth is, this text will argue that all of them had an ethnic syndrome, by means of the tripartite politics of the British. Sadly, Nigeria is now struggling the results and results of this ethnic syndrome on its political nationalists. Nonetheless, to bolster and enhance the readability to the purpose we’re driving, it’s important to make a concise evaluation of the very idea of ethnic syndrome.

The ethnic syndrome, metaphorically refers to a illness recognized to these whose actions and judgments are influenced by the sensation of belonging to a sure group. Such folks usually take their group or tribe as an authority, and likewise declare that their group is the very best amongst others. Their actions and judgments are sometimes influenced by this sense. So, on this sense, we are able to say that they’ve an ethnic syndrome. On this context, it’s handy to delve into the primary course of this text.

Ethnicity (or tribalism) raised it first throughout World Warfare II. This conflict diminished the management effectivity of the Colonial Masters in Nigeria, resulting in a interval of nice starvation, inequality, insecurity, and so forth. Because of this, varied teams had been fashioned to serve the wants of their members. These teams embrace; The Egba Society (1918), The Union of Ijebu Younger Males (1923), The Yoruba Union (1924), The Ibibio State Union, and so forth. Because of a poor financial system, insecurity, unemployment, and so forth., these ethnic teams started to compete with one another in a socio-economic competitors. Every ethnic group will battle in opposition to different ethnic teams, to make sure that it meets the wants of its personal members. It was right now that the ethnic group grew to become a full-scale rebellion.

As well as, the cut up of the Nigerian Youth Motion (NYM), which was triggered by an ethnic rift amongst Nigeria’s political nationalists (Ikoli, Awolowo, Akinsanya and Nnamdi Azikwe), additionally contributed to the problem of ethnicity within the nation . Indignant, Nnamdi Azikwe kicked his Igbo supporters out of the group, and Obafemi Awolowo did the identical. At this level, it’s fully protected to say that the educated elite of the Nigerian youth motion had an ethnic syndrome, which led to the collapse of the motion.

Consequently, the British introduction of tripartite politics by means of the Richards structure of 1943 additional exacerbated the problem of ethnicity within the nation. By the Richards structure, Nigeria was divided into three large areas; the Northern Area, the Western Area and the Japanese Area, which represented the three most important tribes of Nigeria; the Hausa, the Yoruba and the Igbo respectively. Equally, the quite a few ethnic teams that had fashioned earlier than that point, additionally amalgamated to kind the Egbe Omo Oduduwa Society in London (1945), the Ibo State Union (1944) and Jamiya Mutanen Arewa. Every additionally represents the three large tribes of Nigeria. “A foul state of affairs in a rustic that was presupposed to be united as one” (Jide Olanrewaju). Nonetheless, having been contaminated with an ethnic syndrome which was additional strengthened by the British tripartite coverage, the impact of this syndrome on the political nationalists of Nigeria quickly emerged.

As different African international locations had begun the wrestle for political independence, it was not shocking that the Nigerian educated elites (Awolowo, Azikwe, and so forth.) started to wrestle for political independence. This was additional helped when the Richards structure of 1943 legalized the politicization of communal associations. The Egbe Omo Oduduwa society due to this fact grew to become the Motion Group of Nigeria (AG) in 1951 led by Awolowo, the Union of Igbo State grew to become the Nationwide Council of Nigeria and Cameroon (NCNC) in 1944 headed by Azikwe, and the Jamiya Mutanen Arewa grew to become the Northern Folks’s Congress (NPC) in 1951 headed by Ahmadu Bello.

Lastly, Nigeria grew to become an unbiased nation in 1960 and the primary Republic started. Sadly, the tribal chain of occasions that occurred earlier than independence, led to extreme corruption, nepotism and mismanagement of public funds within the first republic. “The North wished to ensure he stayed in energy, the South wished to ensure he acquired the style of energy” (Jide Olanrewaju). At this level, the impact of an ethnic syndrome, suffered by political nationalists in Nigeria, started to materialize. His actions and judgments had been clouded. They took greed, corruption and nepotism as virtues. Clearly, they had been all beneath the affect of an ethnic syndrome. The truth is, Nigeria was in full ruins through the first Republic. In flip, this unhinged environment swept the army into energy and was straight accountable for the primary Nigerian coup. At the moment, Nigeria was nonetheless redeemable. However that hope was dashed when Common Muritala Ramat Muhammad took energy for himself with out contemplating due course of as was accomplished with Generals Ironsi and Gowon. The truth is, a categorised US memo dated August 18, 1975 argued that Muritala’s motion would result in additional coups and illegitimate seizures. Sadly, the US categorised word was appropriate. Thus started the downfall of Nigeria.

Nationalist politicians dealt a severe blow to the primary Republic. Being beneath the affect of an ethnic syndrome, they had been straight accountable for the political tragedy of the primary republic. Though they gave Nigeria its political independence, they betrayed that independence due to their corrupt acts within the first republic. It is rather unlucky that even the faces of those folks on the Nigerian naira forex. The 5 naira word, for instance, bears the face of Tafawa Balewa, who’s accountable for the corrupt insurance policies, mismanagement of funds and rigged federal elections of 1964. The twenty naira word additionally bears the face of Muritala Muhammad, the whose motion led to the following coups and illegitimate counter-coups in Nigeria. Thus plunging Nigeria into a number of many years of army dictatorship. The 100 naira word additionally has the face of Obafemi Awolowo who was thirsty for energy and even grew to become the Minister of Finance within the Common Gowon regime. How would somebody who launched democratic rules in Nigeria, develop into the finance minister in a totally undemocratic regime? This exhibits how he wished to be in energy. Additionally, the 2 hundred naira word has the face of Sir Ahmadu Bello, a Sarduana from Sokoto, who grew to become the oppressor of the center belt area within the first republic. Lastly, the 5 hundred naira word bears the face of Nnamdi Azikwe, whose choice to just accept and approve the results of the rigged election of 1964, contributed to the political tragedy of the primary republic.

My level is that whereas these educated elites achieved some constructive achievements, their dangerous deeds nonetheless outweigh their good deeds. It’s fairly ironic that the identical individuals who had been accountable for the collapse of the Nigerian Youth Motion, had been additionally accountable for the collapse of the First Republic. It exhibits the extent to which these nationalists suffered from an ethnic syndrome. Their actions and judgments had been influenced by ethnicity. Thus, we are able to say that all of them had an ethnic syndrome. “The identical folks all of us reward, are the identical folks accountable for the issues in Nigeria right this moment” (Elemoro Babatunde Bashir). The primary republic in Nigeria was a transparent indication that its educated elites, who ushered in democracy, weren’t what they appear to signify. All of them had an ethnic syndrome. This was the rationale why the revolutionary coup by Majors Kaduna Nzeogwu, Emmanuel Ifeajuna and Adewale Ademoyega was carried out, though they didn’t succeed.

All in all, the basis of corruption in Nigeria is ethnicity. Being beneath the affect of an ethnic syndrome, the political nationalists in Nigeria had been accountable for the corrupt practices which have continued to dig Nigeria to this point. Thus, if political growth is to be achieved and corruption diminished, Nigerian politicians should orient themselves to not fall into the ethnicity syndrome.

#Ethnic #Syndrome #Political #Nationalism #Nigeria

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